Country overview

#29
Georgia

Country stats

Rating Points
279
This indicator describes the overall rating of a given jurisdiction on several parameters according to cryptocurrency operations - market volume, crypto regulation, business climate, taxation framework.
Crypto Penetration
2.3%
Estimated percentage of crypto users out of the country's total population based on public data.
Legal Entities
Empty
Number of crypto companies registered in the country based on regulator data if available or other types of public data.
Regulation Points
80
An overall assessment of the granularity of crypto regulation in a given country. A high score is also given to countries where cryptocurrency transactions are highly regulated.
Amount of crypto users
85 100
Total amount of crypto users out of the country's total population based on public data.
Taxation points
35
This figure, according to our analysts' calculations, indicates the overall level of tax burden for cryptocurrency transactions in a given country. The higher the indicator, the lower the burden.
Market volume points
84
A rough estimate of this jurisdiction's retail crypto market relative to the rest of the world. The higher the indicator, the higher the market potential.
Status of crypto
Legally allowed
General status of cryptocurrency regulation in this jurisdiction.
Crypto payments
Legally allowed ezone
The legal status of cryptocurrency payments for goods and services in a given country based on information from regulators, public data and feedback from our community.
Security Level
Minor danger
The overall level of security in a given country based on open data.
Crypto Salaries
No info
The legal status of cryptocurrency salaries to employers in a given country based on information from regulators, public data and feedback from our community.
Business Climate
Very Good
Overall assessment of the friendliness of this country for crypto-business. This indicator takes into account the cost of obtaining a license and the attitude towards crypto entities in the country.
Stablecoin Regulation
None
This indicator is evaluating the regulation of stablecoins in a given country. Complex regulation means that it is possible to issue steiblcoins and obtain a license for this activity. Basic regulation means that the issuance of stablecoins is possible, but not all legal aspects are defined in the law. Standard regulation means that there is a legal practice of steylcoin circulation in a given country.
Bad Factors
No
This section describes the unfavorable economic factors for crypto-business in a given country. These are countries that are under sanctions or on the FATF grey list and other factors.
Types of licenses
Crypto-to-crypto
This license type allows VASP to provide legal exchange from one cryptocurrency to another.
Crypto-to-fiat
This type of license regulates the exchange from cryptocurrency to fiat.
Wallet/Custody
This country has a legal licensing procedure for companies that store cryptocurrency - - crypto wallet providers and custodians.
Cryptofund
This indicator means that investment funds, trusts, and crypto funds can get regulator approval to provide their activity in the country.
Good
Medium
Bad
intro

Georgia is one of the most crypto-friendly countries in the post-Soviet space. Here, a 0% tax rate can be applied when selling cryptocurrencies: if the crypto is sold to someone outside Georgia, the income from its sale is considered to be received from external sources and is not taxed.

Security level

Georgia has a minor danger security level, according to our rating. This jurisdiction has 73.8 points (from 100) for safety level in Numbeo crime rating (1). Homicide level (2) is 2 per 100,000 inhabitants a year. Story of firearm-related death (3) 1,44 per 100,000 inhabitants a year.

Crypto Payments

Crypto payments in Georgia have an uncertain legal status. According to Forklog (4), crypto prices in Georgia are forbidden, but there are some exceptions for local VASPs. Tech portal Dev.by (5) confirms that crypto payments are still illegal in Georgia.

At the same time, in 2022, Cointelegraph (6) presented a new crypto-payment service for local merchants. This service enables crypto payments for merchants through partnerships with companies such as CityPay and Gate.

This means that crypto payments are popular and possible in everyday life, but at the same time, they are formally illegal.

Crypto Salaries

Formally, crypto salaries as a part of crypto payments are illegal.

Legal

Cryptocurrency and its exchange have been legal since 2019. The basis is a resolution of the Ministry of Finance of Georgia (the document was not found on the Internet). The National Bank of Georgia carries out general regulation.

As of 2019, the country's Ministry of Finance has started to provide PSP licenses for cryptocurrency transactions, including cryptocurrency exchanges. The authorized capital for such permits is 250,000 GEL.

Developing a mining business legally and exempting it from taxes is also possible. For this purpose, opening a legal entity in the free economic zone (FEZ) is necessary.

VASPs can operate without registration with the National Bank. From July 2023, registration has become mandatory(6¹). The old regulation, which is still partially in effect, is liberal for VASPs, and for example, it doesn’t require VASPs in the National Bank of Georgia.

New regulations were supposed to be passed in 2022 but have been continually postponed.

The legislative package provides for convergence with three EU directives - on payment services, capital requirements, and virtual asset service providers. They will probably adopt (7) in 2023.

Information about registered VASPs in Georgia and their list and regulations on this topic is published on the website of the National Bank of the country.

Taxation
Tax nameIndex
PIT tax Min20
PIT tax Max20
Corporate tax (CIT)15
Min Individual CGT (for crypto)0
Max Individual CGT (for crypto)0
Wealth tax Min0
Wealth tax Max0
Mining tax 15
TDS tax 0
CGT

Individuals do not pay tax when selling crypto; it is considered a profit from foreign sources.

PIT

According to PWC (8), Georgia has a flat personal income tax rate of 20%. Legal entities must pay tax on profits from the exchange. Still, in Georgia, there are also free economic zones (FEZ), and there is a possibility of getting a tax reduction operating there.

CIT

Based on PWC (9), the CIT rate is flat at 15%. The 20% rate applies to commercial banks, credit unions, microfinance organizations, and loan providers from 1 January 2023.